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Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 11 months ago

Local Criminal Justice Boards & RJ

(Home Office report, published 21st December 2006)


Results of the adult restorative justice questionnaire


Part 1: general questions


28 questionnaires returned (67%)


23 Boards were aware of the guidance issued in March 2005 and 10 reported that it had been distributed/discussed at Board meetings


6 Boards reported that restorative justice featured in their business plans and, of these, 4 reported references to its possible use as part of conditional cautioning


13 Boards reported some adult restorative justice delivery, either through specific schemes or through probation victim liaison work


Restorative justice is being delivered at all stages of the criminal justice system, including as a diversion from court in some areas


13 Boards have appointed a restorative justice lead person, but there is no direct correlation to this and the adult restorative justice activity in the area: 6 Boards had restorative justice leads but no schemes, and 5 Boards had no lead person but did have schemes/services


24 Boards identified issues which they considered to be a barrier to the use of restorative justice in the adult criminal justice system


lack of resources – 19 Boards

does not count as a sanction detection/OBTJ/NPS performance target – 6 Boards

competing and higher priorities – 6 Boards

resource intensive – 4 Boards

lack of guidance to criminal justice agencies on management of schemes – 3 Boards

lack of training/trained staff – 3 Boards

lack of national requirement to implement - 2 Boards

police and probation are restructuring so not a good time to introduce major new initiative – 2 Boards

judicial concerns – 1 Board

early implementation funding for conditional cautions has run out – 1 Board

lack of mechanism to ensure appropriate cases are considered – 1 Board

systems and processes within CJS agencies are resistant to changes required to introduce restorative justice – 1 Board

conditional cautions are competing with other low level disposals – 1 Board


2 Boards reported using the toolkits for criminal justice agencies to help in setting up schemes. Avon and Somerset commented that, as a result, the high standard of delivery had won over some initial scepticism to the establishment of the Chard Community Justice Panel



Part 2: restorative justice schemes/services


Avon and Somerset


Chard and Ilminster Restorative Justice Panel was established in January 2005. It uses Acceptable Behaviour Contracts to deliver both direct and indirect restorative justice for cases that do not go to court. The scheme is run by one full-time co-ordinator and has an implementation group that engages a wide range of partners including police, CPS, probation, councillors, Housing Association, Community Safety Partnership, Victim Support and others. 35 local volunteers are restorative justice panel members. The scheme dealt with 51 cases between January 2005 and March 2006. The annual capacity of the scheme would be about 150-200 cases if there were sufficient panel members and an administrative assistant to support the co-ordinator.




Voluntary Perpetrator Programme for domestic violence cases being set up in September 2006 to deliver indirect restorative justice. The Community Safety Partnership is responsible for the scheme and the steering group comprises probation, Sure Start, Children and Young Peoples Services – social care and CAFCAS. The scheme has an estimated capacity of 60 cases a year.


Devon and Cornwall


No specific scheme, but since May 2004 the police have trained all 350+ Neighbourhood Beat Managers, and Youth Intervention Officers, in restorative practices and their use on a community and individual basis. Both indirect and direct restorative justice is being delivered, the direct models include street restorative justice, restorative enquiry, restorative discussion, mini conference, full restorative meeting and community conferencing. Restorative meetings where the victims are not present are also used. Restorative justice is delivered as a diversion from court, pre-sentence and as part of an ABC or ASBO.




Prison Dialogue scheme for High Repeat Offenders and other Priority and Prolific Offenders prior to, and post, their release from prison. The Prison Service is responsible for the scheme, which is run by Prison Dialogue a not-for-profit organisation. There is participation from police, prison, probation, voluntary staff and a number of community members. The pilot scheme aims to improve communication skills between all participants, both prisoners and those engaged in their resettlement. 16 offenders have participated in the scheme up to May 2006. The pilot is being evaluation by Professor Karen Ross, School of Mass Communications, Coventry University.


Dyfed Powys


No individual schemes, but victim/offender liaison is arranged by probation Victim Liaison Officers when requested.




Kent probation areas provides restorative justice on an ad hoc basis when requested where both the victim and offender indicate a willingness to engage in the process. The Area Manager, prison and commissioning services, and Kent probation area run the initiative. Restorative justice is delivered during sentence, either a community sentence or whilst the offender is in custody.


All Kent prisons provide restorative justice courses using surrogate victims. HMP Blantyre House has delivered some direct restorative justice under the Prison Fellowship Sycamore Tree Programme. This programme is not running this year because of funding issues but victim awareness courses continue to be run.


Leicestershire and Rutland


The MAPPOM scheme was set up in 2003 and is aimed at adult prolific and other priority offenders (PPOs). An interagency operational team that manages PPOs runs the scheme in partnership with Leicestershire Mediation. Indirect restorative justice using one-way communication through the victim programme is delivered to all PPOs during sentence, both community sentences and for offenders on licence. The scheme deals with about 150 cases per year.




The probation Victim Liaison Service (VLS) delivers restorative justice primarily in those cases where they have a statutory responsibility to engage with victims, that is cases involving serious violent and sexual crimes where the offender is sentenced to more than 12 months imprisonment, but other cases are also referred for restorative justice. Initially, the service was established though partnership with the Connect RJ Project, as part of the Crime Reduction Programme Restorative Justice Pilots. Subsequently, staff from the project joined the Victim Liaison Service, which also has probation staff trained in the delivery of restorative justice, to continue the provision of restorative justice. The service is provided in addition to the statutory work of the VLS and is, therefore, limited by resources and provided through the good will of the staff concerned and their conviction of the benefits it provides for victims and offenders. Both indirect and direct restorative justice is delivered, the latter through facilitated victim/offender meetings and group conferences. Restorative justice is delivered at all stages of the criminal justice process, but the substantial majority of cases are at the stage where the offender is on licence. Eight Victim Liaison Officers deliver restorative justice, in addition to their full-time duties, a co-ordinator provides the necessary casework supervision and Senior Probation Officer provides line management. The annual capacity of the scheme is about 50 cases.


West Mercia


Restorative justice is delivered under the conditional cautioning scheme in North Worcestershire Division, which was established in February 2005. The CPS, Youth Support Services and West Mercia Magistrates’ Court Service are responsible for the scheme, which is run centrally by HQ Community Safety Department with the restorative justice work delivered by Youth Support Services (a local voluntary organisation) facilitated by divisional support sergeants. Both direct and indirect restorative justice is being delivered. The resources required include a CPS representative attending a meeting once a week, 25 hours of police time to attend meetings and follow up on the conditions imposed, a couple of hours a week required from a representative from the Magistrates’ Court Service and 10 hours a week from a representative of the Youth Support Service. Estimated annual running costs for restorative justice alone are about £30k per division, but costs would increase with numbers. Annual capacity of the scheme in North Worcestershire Division is about 30 cases.


West Midlands


Since 1985 the probation area has been delivering restorative justice for all offenders and victims that fall within their statutory remit. In addition, the area is in the process of setting up a pathfinder to deliver restorative justice under the deferred sentencing provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. The Area Victim Liaison Unit runs the service, which is integral to all services provided by the Unit and includes, for example, services within the mentally disordered offenders remit. Both indirect and direct restorative justice is delivered using all direct models. Restorative justice is delivered both pre-sentence and during sentence. Ten probation staff provide the service and deal with identifying suitable cases, conducting risk assessments, preparing participants, delivering the process, evaluating outcomes and providing feedback to relevant bodies. The CPS provide information and, on occasion, the prison service provides assistance, facilities and, where necessary, support for offenders. A long standing relationship with the voluntary sector broke down recently because of their inability to provide. All the Unit’s work is regarded as restorative, with annual case throughput of about 2,000 cases.




No structured scheme, but probation has delivered a small number of restorative justice interventions. Both indirect and direct restorative justice has been delivered, plus one-way letters from offenders to victims. Restorative justice has been delivered both for offenders in custody and on licence, and as part of a pre-court disposal on a voluntary basis. One person has been recruited by the probation area to take forward this work.


Thames Valley


Three schemes are in place. The Retail Theft Initiative was set up in 1994 and targets all shop theft offenders, and other offenders who fit the criteria, in Milton Keynes and the surrounding area. The police run the scheme in partnership with store managers, youth service, health visitors, Connexion/careers and private counsellors. Both direct, through face to face meeting with the store manager or representative, and indirect restorative justice is delivered as a pre-court diversion. One full-time police administrator runs the scheme, plus police officers who interview offenders each week. Estimated annual running costs are £25k. About ten store managers attend on a rota basis as volunteers to act as surrogate victims in some cases. The scheme deals with about 400 cases a year.


Since March 2005, restorative justice has also delivered under the conditional cautioning scheme. The CPS, police, probation and the Thames Valley Statutory Adult Restoration Service (TVStARS – experienced restorative justice workers) are responsible for the scheme, which is run by Thames Valley Police and the CPS in partnership with TVStARS who assist in the assessment and conferencing of offenders and victims. Both direct, through restorative justice conferences, and indirect restorative justice is delivered. The resources required to run the scheme include 1.5 hours per week of CPS time with duty charging scheme prosecutors in police stations used for consultation/approval in relation to conditional cautioning decisions, five hours per week of a police inspector’s time to lead the scheme, one full-time administrator, a number of police officers in each BCU trained to deliver restorative justice, two hours per week from a Senior Probation Officer acting as a liaison point, and eight hours per week for caseworkers from the voluntary sector. Two volunteers assist with the assessment of offenders and who are currently being trained in restorative justice conferencing. The estimated annual throughput is 40 cases although the scheme has the capacity to take more cases if the referral rate could be increased.


The Criminal Justice Act 2003 Specified Activity Pilot delivers restorative justice for offenders on community orders, suspended sentence orders, PPOs, and for offenders who have committed offences of violence and/or domestic burglary. It is also acting as a pathfinder for delivering restorative justice under the deferred sentencing provisions of the Act. The probation service runs the scheme in partnership with TVStARS, police, prison service, court service, Victim Support and Mediation Oxfordshire. Both direct, through conferences, and indirect restorative justice is delivered. The scheme was established in October 2005. To run the scheme, the police provide clerical assistance to provide victim details and attend Management Group meetings; probation provide PSR author time, the relevant case manager attends the restorative justice meeting, and an SPO spends about 10 hours per week managing the project; and the voluntary sector provide sessional ‘mediators’ who spend about 25 hours per week on the scheme. So far the average throughput is about five cases per month but the scheme has budgeted for 100 cases in 2006/07.




The Swindon Crime Initiative was set up in December 2002 and targets first-time offenders (both juveniles and adults) who commit offences of burglary, criminal damage, deception, handling, going equipped, theft and TWOC. The police, Swindon YOT, Swindon Community Safety Partnership, and Swindon Town Centre Management are responsible for the scheme, which is run by the police and the YOT. Indirect restorative justice is delivered as a stand alone pre-court diversion. Meetings are held with the offenders in order to establish why the offence was committed and to determine what interventions may be appropriate to reduce the risk of further re-offending. Where applicable, the meetings address the impact of the offence on the victim and how that may be repaired. Following consultation with the victim, offenders are encouraged to write letters of apology and to pay the victim compensation for the damage caused. One police officer co-ordinates the scheme, has one-to-one meetings with adult offenders and deals with the administration. A police volunteer (four hours a week) and a YOT volunteer (three hours a week) assist at the twice weekly evening surgeries to book in offenders when they arrive. In 2005 the scheme dealt with 132 adults.




Greater Manchester


No current scheme in place, but details were provided of the Manchester Adult Restorative Justice Scheme, which began in March 2004 but has now stopped because of lack of continuing funding. The target group was adult offenders within the South Manchester Division. Police and prison were responsible for the scheme, which was managed by the Manchester YJB and accountable to a multi-agency steering group. Both direct and indirect restorative justice was delivered during sentence, for offenders on licence and as part of an ABC or ASBO.

Restorative justice leads




Colin Wilson

Head of Service

South Tees Youth Offending Service

2 River Court

Brighouse Road

Riverside Business Park

Middlesbrough TS2 1RT


Tel: 01642 354006 E-mail: colin_wilson@middlesbrough.gov.uk




Steve Holland


HMP Dorchester

7 North Square


Dorset DT1 1JD


Tel: 01305 214503 E-mail: steven.holland01@hmps.gsi.gov.uk


County Durham and Darlington:


Jon Stoddart

Chief Constable

Durham Constabulary

Aykley Heads

Durham DH1 5TT


Tel: 0191 6612208 E-mail: jon.stoddart@durham.pnn.police.uk


Dyfed Powys:


Richard Summers

Carmarthanshire YOT

1 West End


Carmarthanshire SA15 3DN


Tel: 01554 740120 E-mail: rsummers@carmarthanshire.gov.uk



David Chalmers

HMP Gloucester

Barrack Square

Gloucester GI1 2JN


Tel: 01452 453002 E-mail: david.chalmersgl1@hmps.gsi.gov.uk




Supt Adrian Erasmus

Criminal Justice Department

Divisional Police Headquarters

Cardiff Road

Newport NP20 2EH


Tel: 01633 245266 E-mail: Adrian.erasmus@gwent.pnn.police.uk




Heather Munro

Chief Officer

NPS- Leicestershire

2 St Johns Street



Tel: 0116 2423201

E-mail: heather.munro@leicestershire.probation.gsi.gov.uk


West Mercia:


A/Inspector Mark Smith

West Mercia Constabulary

Hindlip Hall

PO Box 55

Worcester WR3 8SP


Tel: 01905 331985 E-mail: mark.smith@westmercia.pnn.police.uk




Sandy Pragnell

Youth Offending Service

53 Billing Road

Northampton NN1 5DB


Tel: 01604 602400 E-mail: spragnell@northamptonshire.gov.uk




Supt Jane Rhodes

Criminal Justice Department

Sussex Police HQ

Pevensey Block

Church Lane

Lewes BN7 2DZ


E-mail: jane.rhodes@sussex.pnn.police.uk


Thames Valley:


ACC Francis Habgood

Thames Valley Police HQ

Oxford Road

Kidlington OX5 2NX


Tel: 01865 846301

E-mail: francis.habgood@thamesvalley.pnn.police.uk


Gerry Marshall

Chief Officer

NPS – Thames Valley

Kingsclere Road

Bicester OX26 2QD


E-mail: gerry.marshall@thames-valley.probation.gsi.gov.uk




Ian Langley

Head of Wiltshire Youth Offending Service

Court Mills

Polebarn Road


Wiltshire BA14 7EG


Tel: 01225 781202 E-mail: ianlangley@wiltshire.gov.uk


West Midlands;


NB Not formal restorative justice leads for the LCJB but Victims & Witness Action Delivery Board is responsible for this area of work.


Paul Hartland

Chair of Victim & Witness ADB

CPS, 14th Floor

Colmore Gate

2 Colmore Row

Birmingham B3 2QA


Tel: 0121 2621349 E-mail: paul.hartland@cps.gsi.gov.uk


Sue Hanley

NPS – West Midlands

5th Floor

135a New Street

Birmingham B2 4QJ


Tel: 0121 2482669

E-mail: sue.hanley@west-midlands.probation.gsi.gov.uk


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